Sa improves preschool child to teacher ratios of 0.9:1 in the early childhood period, but the relationship remains unclear (Kumar and Thong et al. 2008). A comprehensive examination of this issue (Eisen and Koechlin 2011; Kumar and Thong 2012) suggests that an additional factor in preschool teacher to preschool child teacher ratios is the influence of maternal education on the child’s educational attainment.
The impact of a wide range of sociodemographic factors on teacher–child ratios across the preschool age period (the age at which children in kindergarten are considered adults) has been the subject of much research. Here we examine several different possible explanations for teacher–child ratios across the preschool age period, and demonstrate that a key driver of the teacher–child ratio is the same shared effect of low levels of school readiness for children in the preschool age group as for older children.
Method Participants. We examined teacher–child ratios across a nationally representative sample of preschool children. Specifically, each of the preschool children we studied was aged 3 through 4 years old, and did not attend a public preschool or preschool/teens kindergarten. These 여주출장마사지children were recruited from all 50 states and Washington, D.C., for a national and regional survey sponsored by the National Center for Early Childhood Research and Evaluati울산출장샵 울산안마on. Parental characteristics, health, and school quality variables were collected by telephone interviews between March 2014 and December 2015. The preschool children in this sample were from 6 locales (Illinois, Florida, Maryland, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin). School status data was obtained from a state district-run evaluation system and school information was from the Department of Education. Data collection consisted of face-to-face interviews condu넷마블 포커cted with preschool children who were selected to be on a waitlist for a home visit over the telephone or by computer using the secure online survey system. Parental data were obtained from a large database of private, NCLR-certified home health providers. Data on socioeconomic and behavioral variables were obtained from a survey of a nationally representative sample of 1,037 parents of preschool children and 1,004 parents of elementary students. Primary outcome measures include teacher–child ratios. Secondary outcomes include the mean age at the last home visit, and the number of previous home visits among those children on a waitlist. These primary outcomes were obtained by using the general statistical tests for normality and for testing of a common metric: the relative ratio of first–grade teacher–child ratios to age-specific ratios of all children in the sample. Secondary outcomes were obtained by using